Macadamia nuts are becoming as valuable as gold in the world of nuts and berries. These tasty, exotic nuts are considered delicacies and thus are served as dessert nuts due to their rich flavor and oil. They are common holiday gifts, both on their own and when covered in chocolate. Kingston Machinery here will detail Australian macadamia nut industry.
Market Value of Australia Macadamia Nut Industry
The Australian macadamia industry is a dynamic, ahead, and secure one that is expanding in size and value. The macadamia industry is heavily focused on exports, with roughly 70% of production exported to the global market. Since its founding, the macadamia industry has become very effective in developing new markets, with 70% of macadamias produced in Australia being exported, with farm gate value increasing from around 10 million USD to around 280 million USD today. Few, if any, other Australian horticulture industries could indeed claim the very same level of export marketing success.
Role of Australia Macadamia Industry in the Global Market
The Australian macadamia industry is indeed the undisputed world market leader, and our industry marketing guides all participants which has been a primary factor influencing global demand. Australia accounts for more than 80% of all generic marketing in the world. The Australian macadamia marketing program aims to influence our customers by providing them with relevant information, interacting them in conversation, and empowering them to spread consumer messaging. The Australian industry is the leading supplier of macadamia kernels and the largest producer overall, accounting for 30% of global supply. South Africa (see details here Macadamia Nuts Market in South Africa), Kenya, as well as Hawaii are the other major producers at the moment.
The Importance of Macadamia Nut to Australian Agriculture
A tiny national icon grows in the heart of Australia’s eastern rainforests. In Australian agriculture, the macadamia nut is becoming a valuable asset, with commercial production serving the food, food and wellness, beauty, as well as tourism industries. Macadamias are Australia’s third largest horticultural enterprise and the only native food crop with international commercial demand.
With the growing benefits of healthy eating, the industry is increasing at a faster rate, and customers are actively choosing nuts as a healthy snack alternative as well as introducing them into their daily diets. Furthermore, organic macadamia is getting popular, with increased demand coming primarily from European countries.
The Popularity of Processed Macadamia in Australia
The widespread use of processed macadamia in various industrial sectors, such as the food and beverage industry as well as the cosmetics and personal care industry, is also contributing to the global market growth of these nuts.
The consumer preferences for nutritious diets, combined with the growing significance of the macadamia nut in global markets, are likely to drive the domestic market for macadamias.
Macadamia nuts are usually harvested by hand, shaking the trees as well as picking up the fallen nuts by hand, or mechanically with a picker. The harvested nuts are loaded into large hoppers, which are then fed into a dehusker, which would be made up of double rollers that eliminate the outer husk. The moisture content of the husked nut is approximately 25% and must be dried as well as cured to reduce the moisture content to approximately 1.5 percent. The nuts are dried in a greenhouse and cured by heating them to 104-122℉ (40-50℃). During drying, some processors store the nuts in netted bogs or onion bogs to enable heated air to circulate freely through the nuts.
The nuts are passed through commercial macadamia nut cracker that counter-rotate and apply pressure to the shells of 21 kg per sq cm, causing them to crack without destroying the kernels inside. The kernels were passed through a series of blowers and trommels or gravity separators with holes to remove dust, dirt, any remaining bits of husk, or subpar nuts. Uncracked nuts are collected and recycled by crackers. Optical devices inspect and sort the nuts by color. Quality control inspectors also observe the flow of kernels and manually sort them.
The other option is opening a slot on the hard shell with the use of macadamia nut cutting machine. The benefits of making a lot on the shell:
◆ making the condiments infiltrate into mature macadamia nuts;
◆ making it easy for consumers to eat with a piece of iron;